Haryana

Discover Haryana

Travel to Ambala, Bhiwani, Charkhi Dadri, Faridabad, Fatehabad, Gurugram, Hisar, Jhajjar, Jind, Kaithal, Karnal, Kurukshetra, Mahendragarh, Nuh, Palwal, Panchkula, Panipat, Rewari, Rohtak, Sirsa, Sonipat, Yamunanagar.

Haryana is a vibrant state that has managed to retain the best of both worlds- the ancient yet vibrant past and an exciting future to look forward to. It is a state that celebrates art and culture much like the rest of India celebrating its festivals, a panorama of vivid landscapes and exquisite archaeology. Famous not just for its historical sites, its pleasant climate and its quaint landscapes, Haryana is also renowned for being a land of immense cultural diversity, a place often praised for its cordial and amicable ambience, and a state where modern buildings and edifices are as crucial as acres and acres of green fields, vibrant sunsets, and a rich culture that radiates through every nook and cranny of the state.

Often known as the ‘Land of Milk and Butter’, Haryana has, over time, stood witness to some of the most critical events in the course of Indian history, aptly giving it its title of being the land of lore, myth, and ancient history that still rings loud in the very air of the state. A state that is truly traditional in every way, Haryana is the home to some of the best handicraft and handloom carnivals. Flaunting an excellent variety of flora and fauna, the state hosts many bird species both migratory and residential. There are a lot of temples and lakes that are a sight to behold. The enthusiastic adventurer that finds himself in Haryana can pursue many activities like rock climbing, boating and hiking. One cannot go empty-handed from a place like Haryana that offers beautiful artistry in the form of Jutis and floral embroidery.

Ambala: Ambala is located on the border with the Indian state of Punjab and Chandigarh. Ambala has two sub-areas: Ambala Cantonment (Ambala Cantt) and Ambala City, which has earned it a name of the “Twin City”. Ambala is also known for its large Indian Army and Indian Air Force presence within its cantonment area which was established in the year 1843. The cantonment houses the ‘2 corps’, one of the three strike corps of Indian Army and is of immense strategic importance.

Famous Places in Ambala: Badshahi Bagh Gurudwara, Bhawani Amba Temple, European Cemetery, Gurudawara Lakhnaur Sahib, Gurudawara Manji Sahib, Gurudawara Panjokhara Sahib, Gurudawara Sis Ganj, Hanuman Temple, Holy Redeemer Church, Jain Samaj, Kali Mata Temple, Muslim shrines of Lakhi Shah and Taqwal Shah, Old Dak Bungalow, Shiv Mandir, St Pauls Church.

Badshahi Bagh Gurudwara: Badshahi Bagh Gurudwara lies near the district courts of Ambala city. It commemorates to the visit of Guru Gobind Singh, who stayed here while returning from Lakhnaur, where he had gone to meet his maternal parents. He stayed in the garden, under a cluster of trees. A tank has also been built near the Gurudwara Badshahi Bagh. Guru Gobind Singh ji, the tenth Guru, visited this place around 1670 during one of his excursions to Lakhnaur. While on a hunting trip one day on his horse, he came to a big garden just outside the city of Ambala.

Bhawani Amba Temple: It is believed that the name of city Ambala has been derived from the name of Goddess Amba, whose temple is situated in the city. It is a temple of the ancient period and has been there since a very long time. The Bhawani Amba Temple in Ambala has derived its name from the presiding Goddess of the temple. The deity is known as Amba Devi or Bhawani Devi.

European Cemetery: Twenty heroes of the Anglo-Boer war (1899-1902) in South Africa, who were brought as prisoners of war, lie buried at this cemetery after they were executed for waging a war against the British. During the Anglo-Boer war, the British made hundreds of Boers (original Dutch settlers in South Africa) prisoners of war and sent them to India, Sri Lanka and several other colonies. Many of them were even kept in Ambala jail. A few of them could not return to their country and died here. Twenty of them were buried here and a commemorative pillar was constructed after the British and the Boers reached an agreement and joined hands against the Blacks. The graves of others heroes, with their names inscribed can still be seen at this cemetery.

Gurudawara Lakhnaur Sahib: It derives its name from the village it is situated in; Lakhnaur is a village located 13 kms.from Ambala city headquarters. It was the ancestral village of Guru Gobind Singh’s mother, Mata Gujari. At the age of four, Guru Gobind Singh accompanied by his mother stayed at Lakhnaur for over six months. Later, the house in which they had lived during their stay at Lakhnaur was maintained as a holy shrine. During the latter half of the 18th century, the house was converted into a proper Gurdwara. The Gurdwara building is in the center of a large walled compound and has some distinctive architectural features.

Gurudawara Manji Sahib: The Manji Sahib Gurdwara is the most popular Sikh shrine of Ambala. It is located at Kaith Majri near National Highway-1. The sixth and tenth Sikh Guru Hargobind Singh and Guru Gobind Singh respectively visited this place. In 1950, the foundation of this gurudawara was laid. There is beautiful meenakari (an art of painting) and chitrakari (an art of figure painting) work in the gurudawara.

Gurudawara Panjokhara Sahib: Gurdwara Sri Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji is about 8 kms.from Ambala city headquarters along the Ambala-Naraingarh road, it marks the spot consecrated by Guru Harkrishan, by his stay during his journey from Kiratpur to Delhi. A small memorial raised in honour of the Guru was developed into a Gurdwara during the Sikh Rule.Now; it has become a vast complex including the double-storey sanctum entered through a spacious hall, Guru Ka Langar with a vast dining hall, and enclosed sarovar and ancillary buildings for staff and pilgrims.

Gurudawara Sis Ganj: Gurudwaras Sis Ganj, an enchanting Sikh shrine is located at a distance of about 300 meters from Gurudwara Manji Sahib. The Gurudwara is double-storied and there is an open hall inside it. The shrine is dedicated to the Sikh Guru Tegh Bahadur.

Hanuman Temple: This is 250-year-old temple near the railway station of Ambala city. The old G.T. Road also passes from this temple. The artwork inside the temple draws close resemblance to Mughal School of Painting. The temple is much frequented by pilgrims and especially on Tuesday and Saturday and on Hanuman Jayanti, a procession is taken out from this temple.

Holy Redeemer Church: It was built under the British rule, when troops of East India Company were transferred from Karnal to Ambala. Constructed in 1848, the Catholic Church also features two rooms initially made for the troops, which are used as a dispensary and a reading room at present. The church was visited by Lord Ripon, the only Catholic Viceroy of India.The church collapsed and a new church was constructed at the same place in 1902. In 1956, this church was handed over to Redemptories group.

Jain Samaj: Many Jain saints have paid visit to Ambala city from time to time. At present, Jain Shavetamber idol worshipper sect and 105-year-old Shri Supashvarnath temple exist here. Every year on Jain festivals, processions are taken out with many followers taking part in it. Even the Digamber sect has its roots in Ambala and an ancient Adinath Digamber temple is located here.

Kali Mata Temple: This temple is situated near Rambagh or cremation ground of Ambala and has 6-feet tall statue of Kali Mata installed here. The temple has been decked up with figurines of birds and animals and these depict the culture of the medieval times.

Muslim shrines of Lakhi Shah and Taqwal Shah: Lakhi Shah and Taqwal Shah Mosques are the popular Islamic shrines in Ambala city. The origin of the mosque is associated with Tej-ud-Din Chisti. The mosque though not very huge, yet conveys a message of peace and culture. It has a hall and a high dome shaped roof. The local residents offer prayers in the shrine with great devotion.

Old Dak Bungalow: There is a lofty building of Dak Bungalow, said to be built in 1890, for the purpose of British officers’stay. Queen Victoria also stayed in Dak Bungalow in 1902, during her official visit to Ambala. The building is flanked by domed corners and illustrates Muslim architecture. Later, it was converted into a library.

Shiv Mandir: This is 300-year-old temple is situated in the cloth market of Ambala. This temple has been restored from time to time. Right in front of this temple, there is a minaret Ashok ki Lat. Lot of people come to pay obeisance at this temple.

St Pauls Church: Located in Ambala Cantonment, it is one of the oldest churches in the region. St Paul’s church, which was consecrated on January 4, 1857, was bombed during the 1965 Indo-Pak war. The bombing by a Pakistani aircraft considerably destroyed the beautiful church building and today only the church tower remains.

Bhiwani: Bhiwani, a city of nearly 300 temples is also known as ‘mini Kashi’ of India. Bhiwani is a city and a municipal council in Bhiwani district. Bhiwani name is believed to have come from goddess Gauri Bhawani, Lord Shiva’s wife. According to another legend, the city got its name from the name of a Queen of a Rajput King Neem, named “Bhani”. Historically, Ain-e-Akbari also has references of Bhiwani, as it was one of the important centres of commerce during the Mughal period.

Famous Places in Bhiwani: Ancient Site of Naurangabad, Fort of Loharu, Palace of Dadri, Prithviraj Ki Kutcheri, Star Monument, Tombs of Loharu.

Ancient Site of Naurangabad: It is a site of ancient habitation spread over an area of about 59 acres. The surface explorations have yielded a large number of coins, coin-moulds, seals and sealing of different Kings of historical period including those of Yaudheya, Indo-Greek, Kushana and Gupta periods. Its collection may be seen in Haryana Prantiya Puratatva Sangrahalaya, Gurukul, Jhajjar. One of the terracotta seals found from this site confirms that this city was known as Nakanagar during 1st to 3rd Century AD and was an important town of Yaudheya Republic of ancient India. This site was excavated by Shri P.B.S.Sengar of Archaeological Survey of India. The archaeological excavations have yielded continuous cultural sequence of the early historical periods. Occurrence of a fortified township of mud brick and also baked brick structures show the development in building material and style. Notable and representative antiquities of these cultural periods were also found in the excavations.

Fort of Loharu: The main building of historical interest in Loharu (a city in Bhiwani district) is its 440 year-old fort. It was built by Arjan Singh, a Hindu Rajput in 1570 A.D. Later, it was occupied by Nawabs of Loharu. It has only one main entrance through a big doorway towards the east. Different structures were added to the fort complex from time to time.

Palace of Dadri: Charkhi Dadri is another small town of Bhiwani district. Post mutiny (1857), this area was granted to the Sikh king of Jind. The last king of this dynasty built a palace at Dadri in the memory of his daughter. Also there is a Somesar tank located here, built by the treasurer of Mughals.

Prithviraj Ki Kutcheri: This is a place of historical testimony. The famous Rajput ruler Prithviraj Chauhan used to hold his court at this place.

Star Monument: tar monument a stunning architectural beauty, is beyond adequate description. It is a Samadhi of Tarachandji Maharaj, popularly known as Maharajji by his followers. The beautifully shaped building of Star monument was completed in a very short span of just four years by Param Sant Huzur Kanwar Sahebji Maharaj.

Tombs of Loharu: There are also some tombs at Loharu, which commemorate the battle fought between Khetri Raja and the Thakurs of Loharu.

Charkhi Dadri: Charkhi Dadri District is one of the 22 districts of Haryana state in northern India.The Government of Haryana state officially notified Charkhi Dadri as 22nd district of Haryana on 01 December 2016.District Charki Dadri comprises of two sub-divisions (Charkhi Dadri and Badhra) and two tehsils (Charkhi Dadri and Badhra) and one sub-tehsil (Bondkalan).

Famous Places in Charkhi Dadri: Ranila Jain Mandir.

 Ranila Jain Mandir: Ranila is a village in the Charkhi Dadri district of the Indian state of Haryana. Bhagwan Adinath Digambar Jain Atishaya Kshetra is located at Adinath Puram, Ranilla. The magnificent temple is considered very miraculous. The Moolnayak is an orange color idol with Adinath carved in the center and the rest 23 Tirthankars on 3 sides. It is believed that these idols are 1400–1500 years old.

Faridabad: Faridabad was founded in 1607 A.D. by Sheikh Farid, treasurer of Jahangir, with the object of protecting the highway, which passed through the town. Shaikh Farid built a fort, a tank and a mosque, which are now in ruins. Later, it became the headquarters of a pargana, which was held in jagir by the Ballabgarh ruler. Faridabad became 12th district of Haryana state on 15th August, 1979. Faridabad is also a major industrial hub of Haryana. Faridabad is famous for henna production from the agricultural sector, while tractors, motorcycles, switch gears, refrigerators, shoes, tyres and garments constitute its primary industrial products.

Famous Places in Faridabad: Anandpur Bandh (Dam), Aravalli Golf Course, Dhyankaksh, Gymkhana Club, Mughal Bridge, Nahar Singh Cricket Stadium, Nahar Singh Palace, Rajhans Convention Centre, Rose Garden, Surajkund, Surajkund (a masonry tank).

Anandpur Bandh (Dam): The Anang Dam situated about 2 kms. South-west of Surajkund is ascribed to Anangpal of Tomar dynasty of eleventh century AD. It is battered on the east and has steps on the west with angular flaked steps on the southern and northern extremities. The dam is 19.8 metres in height and the steps on the west rise to the east to a height over 27.43 metres. Its length is 101.2 metres. At the varying depths, from the top of the dam, there are seven drainage channels that run through the thickness of the dam and were designed to maintain the appropriate levels of the water in the dam. The steps of stairs are made of ashlar block stone laid in lime but in appearance they resemble the rubble core.

Aravalli Golf Course: This Haryana Tourism owned and operated golf course derives its nomenclature from the Aravallis a world’s oldest mountain range that runs across Haryana. It is a unique geological feature, the antiquity of which adds to its magnificence. Set up in the year 1966, it was the first golf green to be laid in Faridabad. The building was designed by the famous architect Joseph Allan Stein and the course design was laid by Stephan Kay, the famous golf architect from U.S.A. The golf course was taken over by Haryana Tourism in 1988 and re-designed by Stephan Kay. Now the course is spread over 75 acres spanning 12 holes.

Dhyankaksh: Dhyan-Kaksh is a marvel of the modern architect and is also known as School of Equanimity and Even-Sightedness. The science of inner dimensions is taught through a systematic process of meditation from here. The establishment of Dhyan-Kaksh is a symbol of the Golden Era, i.e. Satyug and pride of humanity. Established by Satyug Darshan Trust in its Vasundhara campus, it was inaugurated on 26 January 2014. Dhyankaksh is an ideal spiritual spot, as it is situated only 18 km away from South Delhi. This place is for everyone, and no entry fee is levied. There is no discrimination based on any religion, caste, creed, richness-poverty, gender or colour etc.

Gymkhana Club: Gymkhana Club is a perfect recreation place. It has a swimming pool, a well-equipped gymnasium, tennis courts, badminton courts and a billiard room. The club is situated in idyllic surroundings.

Mughal Bridge: There is a mention in the memoirs of Mughal emperor Jahangir that he ordered large or small, but convenient, bridges to be erected at the passage of every river, so that the travellers are able to pursue ‘their journey without obstruction’. This bridge is one of those bridges constructed during his reign. This is a stone bridge with robust and structurally sound arches. The piers of the central arch happen to be strengthened by buttresses with their locations conspicuously marked above by four small minars with domed tops.

Nahar Singh Cricket Stadium: A stadium which was built in 1981 has the honour of hosting number of international and domestic cricket matches. The Nahar Singh cricket stadium has a capacity of 25,000 people. With ultra-modern facilities, this stadium is one of the most accomplished stadiums of north India.

Nahar Singh Palace: This beautifully maintained palace of the legendary Raja Nahar Singh dates back to the 18th century AD. The earliest parts of Raja Nahar Singh’s palace were constructed by his ancestor Rao Balram, who came to power in 1739. This construction continued in parts till about 1850. Today, urban centres have come up around the palace. But, the beauty of the palace continues to charm the visitors. The palace is a heritage property and visitors can relax in the well-decorated rooms along with other facilities available here.

Rajhans Convention Centre: Rajhans Convention Centre comprises a variety of superbly equipped conference, meeting and banquet halls providing a diverse range of convention, banquet and wi-fi enabled facilities in the lap of Mother Nature at Surajkund, Faridabad. The Convention hall measures 6,160 sq.ft. and is a pillar less structure. It is complemented by a spacious lobby and a massive car parking.

Rose Garden: Rose gardens are an added attraction of the Faridabad. There are two Rose gardens here. One is located in Sector 17 and the other is adjacent to the Nahar Singh Stadium. The gardens possess number of varied coloured roses.

Surajkund: Surajkund (literal meaning is ‘Lake of the Sun’) is an artificial Kund (‘Kund’ means lake or reservoir) built in the backdrop of the Aravalli hills with an amphitheatre-shaped embankment constructed in semicircular form. It is said to have been built by the Tomar king Suraj Pal of Tomar dynasty in the 10th century. Tomar was a sun worshipper and he had therefore built a Sun temple on its western bank.

Surajkund (a masonry tank): A water tank, resembling Roman amphitheatre, known as Surajkund, is believed to have been constructed by the Tomar king Surajpal, who is largely believed to be a bardic tradition king. It dates back to the pre-Islamic period, and presents a remarkable example of contemporary Hindu architecture. The shape of Surajkund resembles the rising sun. Its bed is about 130 meters in diameter. It is also believed, based on the discovery of some remnants on the site, a Sun temple once existed here.

Fatehabad: This ancient town was founded in 14th century by Firoz Shah Tughlaq, who named it after his son Fateh Khan. This area was also a part of the Nanda, Mauryan and Kushan empires. It is believed that Chandra Gupta Maurya was assisted by Agroha people from this region at the time of his war against Greeks. During the Mughal regime, this area was considered as one of the most important Kingdoms. There is a beautiful mosque known as Humayun mosque at Fatehabad. It is believed that the Mughal emperor visited it when he was passing through the town after his defeat against Sher Shah Suri.

Famous Places in Fatehabad: Ancient Site of Banawali, Ancient Site of Bhirrana, Ancient Site of Kunal, Ashok Pillar, Humayun Mosque, Lat of Feroz Shah.

Ancient Site of Banawali: This site at village Banwali is on the dry bed of ancient river Sarasvati. The excavations have yielded three-fold culture sequence: Pre-Harappan (Early-Harappan), Harappan and Bara (post Harappan). This site was excavated by Dr. R.S.Bhist of Archaeological Survey of India.

Ancient Site of Bhirrana: This site is located on the northern outskirts of the village overlooking the now dried up bed of Vedic river Sarasvati. Archaeological excavations of 4.20 m thick deposit have revealed four fold cultural sequence. This site was excavated by Shri L.S.Rao of Archaeological Survey of India.

Ancient Site of Kunal: The site is located on dry bed of Vedic river Sarasvati. Archaeological excavations have revealed the remains of three successive phases of the early- Harappan culture, mature Harappan and Painted Grey Ware culture. This site was excavated by Shri J.S.Khatri and Shri M.Acharya of the Department of Archaeology & Museums, Government of Haryana.

Ashok Pillar: Ashok Pillar lies at the centre of an Idgah at Fatehabad. The stone pillar is little less than 5 metres in height and 1.90 meteres in circumference from the base. There was an Ashokan epigraph engraved on the pillar, which was then chiseled off and a Tughlaq inscription was written on it.

Humayun Mosque: This mosque known as Humayun’s mosque was built by the Mughal emperor Humayun (1529-1556 AD) at a place where the Lat erected by the Delhi Sultan Firoz Shah Tughlaq was already standing. The mosque consists of an oblong open courtyard. To the west of this mosque is a screen made of Lakhauri bricks. The screen contains a mihrab flanked by two arched recesses on either side. An inscription praising emperor Humayun was found here.

Lat of Feroz Shah: Standing at a height of over 6 metres, the Lat appears to be a portion of one of the pillars erected by Emperor Ashoka possibly at Agroha or Hansi. The Ashokan epigraph that was once engraved on the pillar was apparently very systematically chiseled off for writing the Tughlaq inscription, recording the genealogy of Firoz Shah in beautiful Tughra-Arabic characters carved in high relief. This Lat (the pillar) stands in the centre of what now looks like an ancient walled Idgah.

Gurugram: Gurugram, the second largest city in the state of Haryana is a reflection of an ideal modern city and futuristic goals. Officially known as Gurugram, this city has grown from a sleepy town to a fast paced urban centre in a very short span. Witnessing rapid urbanisation, Gurugram has become a leading financial and industrial hub with the third-highest per capita income in India.The city’s rise to economic stronghold began with the establishment of Maruti Suzuki India Limited and today it harbours hundreds of Fortune 500companies. The city was named after revered teacher Dronacharya of epic Mahabharata. It is believed that Dronacharya was gifted this ancestral village by his disciples, the Pandavas and Kauravas. He gave spiritual instructions to them at this place.

Famous Places in Gurugram: Aranya Greens Farm, Ariisse Farm, Badshahpur Fort and Baoli, Baoli Ghaus Ali Shah, Begum Samru Palace, Botanix Farm, CawnSarai, DLF Golf and Country Club, Golden Greens Golf and Resorts, Golden Turtle Farm Village, Grey Cottage Farm, ITC Classic Golf Resort, John Hall, Karma Lakelands Golf Course, Kingdom of Dreams, Manesar Golf Course, Mosque and Sarai of Ala Vardi Khan, Museocamera, Nature Valley Farm, Rangmanch Farm House, Sheetala Devi Temple, Shish Mahal, Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary, Tarudhan Golf Course, TERI Golf Course, The Golf Retreat Farm, Yaduvanshi Farm.

Aranya Greens Farm: Aranya Green Farm is locating in the village Sakatpur near Manesar in district Gurgaon.

Ariisse Farm: Arisse Farms, a one of its kind Eco-Tourism Resort offering you a unique opportunity to be amidst several flowers, fruit and vegetations spread across 11 acres of a village land. Short drive from Gurgaon and Delhi.

Badshahpur Fort and Baoli: A very old fort, probably built during medieval periods exists at Badshahpur, a village in district Gurgaon. But now the fort is in ruins and needs restoration. Here in this village also exists an old baoli that used to function as water storage and feeding system.

Baoli Ghaus Ali Shah: An old baoli or step-well was built by Ghaus Ali Shah, a local chief during the reign of Mughal emperor Farrukh Siyar. Built out of stone, lime plaster and bricks, this baoli wears some resemblance with the Turkish hammam. The water tank in the centre is surrounded by a verandah with well-framed arches on all sides. There are also chambers for relaxation and recreation on the upper storeys.

Begum Samru Palace: Begum Samru was a jagir holder of Jharsa-Badshahpurpargana till her death in 1836. She built a beautiful palace between Jharsa and Gurgaon village. Even after the annexation of Begum’s estate, her palace was continuously used as DC’s residence or known as camp office. The palace is about 200-years-old and still is in a good state.

Botanix Farm: Botanix Farms, is located 62 kms from Delhi and 20 kms from Rajiv Chowk opposite Damdama Lake, Vill. Abhaypur Distt. Gurgaon.

CawnSarai: Gurgaon town had two Sarais as per district gazetteer of 1883-84—one was GhamandanSarai and the other was named after the first British administrator of Gurgaon R. Canvendish i.e. CawnSarai. Now only the latter exists in ruins.

DLF Golf and Country Club: The dramatic Aravalli range forms a magnificent backdrop for the stretches of lush turf and rolling fairways complete the 18-hole championship course. Meticulously manicured greens and fairways complemented with flowers and streams that meander through this quiet paradise, sheltered by thousands of trees away from the hustle bustle of the outside world. Water is in abundance be it in the form of a delightfully cascading waterfall on the 17th hole or the five lakes that add serenity to the natural beauty of the course.

Golden Greens Golf and Resorts: This 18-hole, par 72, 7100 yards championship course is replete with strategically placed bunkers on meandering fairways, which look like olive green crumpled blankets. Spread over 275 acres of land, the contrasting natural scrub changes colour with the seasons just as the surrounding Aravalli Hills do, transporting you to the Highlands. The impression while playing this course will not be that of a golf course having being laid there but that of the fairways having been carved through natural meandering desert dunes.

Golden Turtle Farm Village: Aamod at Manesar is located on the outskirts of Manesar, just 2 kms from NH-8 (Delhi-Jaipur Highway), 62 km from Delhi and a mere 20 km from Gurgaon exit toll plaza.

Grey Cottage Farm: Grey Cottage Farm is located near village para, Tauru-Panchgaon Road Gurugram Haryana

ITC Classic Golf Resort: CLASSIC GOLF RESORT (CGR), is the first South Asian Signature Championship golf course designed by the legend Jack Nicklaus. The resort has been built on a 300 acres expanse at the foothills of the picturesque Aravallis, on the outskirts of India’s national Capital, New Delhi.

John Hall: Gurgaon was merely a village till 1819. Later when Gurgaon was converted to district and an ICS British officer, F.L. Bryne was posted as Deputy Commissioner here and his second son, named John Goble Bryne died at an early age and grand hall was built in his memory. It was later also renamed as Agricultural Hall and is used for holding meeting and functions.

Karma Lakelands Golf Course: The golf course is laid out in the midst of the residential areas and is a 9 hole / par 33 of 2,543 yards expanse with a second set of different tees available, if the golfer wishes to play 18 holes. During the game, the golfer is taken through well positioned lakes and a wonderful landscape, which is shared by wandering peacocks, a variety of birdlife and even deers.

Kingdom of Dreams: The ultimate entertainment and leisure destination, sprawling across acres of land, ideally located at the apex of the golden triangle of Jaipur, Agra and Delhi is the magnificent Kingdom of Dreams. Here, the carnival that is India is distilled into one iconic destination. This fabulous Kingdom brings to life a blend of India’s art, culture, heritage, craft, cuisine and performing arts…all with the technological wizardry of today.

Manesar Golf Course: Nestled in the beautiful and serene Aravalli Hills and amidst the neatly laid out Industrial Model Township of Manesar, the Manesar Golf Course has nine greens; 18-hole golf course and SSS 70, which is a great feat to accomplish in a small area of 32 acres. The greens are well-maintained and fairways are challenging. You have to be quite precise and accurate in your shots.

Mosque and Sarai of Ala Vardi Khan: The sarai (rest house) and a mosque were built by Nawab Ali Vardi Khan during the period when the Mughal King Mohammad Shah II reigned in Delhi. Possibly mosques of this type with a sarai and a well were erected at each eleventh mile from Delhi to Ajmer for the convenience of the travellers. The mosque also had a platform in front serving multiple purposes.

Museocamera: Museocamera is one of the largest not-for-profit photography museums in South-East Asia. A unique partnership between India Photo Archive Foundation and The Municipal Corporation of Gurugram, Museo Camera is one of a kind in India with 18,000 sq. ft. of space dedicated to the art and history of photography.” Museo Camera is already considered a landmark in the Millennium city. It has added significant cultural, historical, educational and social value to Gurugram and continues to inspire and spread positivity in these turbulent times.This public private venture is a one of its kind in the world and has resulted in press coverage across the country. Prior to the Pandemic and subsequent lockdowns, we were conducting regular guided tours, hosting school trips, educational seminars, workshops and events.

Nature Valley Farm: Nature Valley Farm is 44 kms from airport, 25 kms from railway station and 33 kms from city centre.

Rangmanch Farm House: Rangmanch Farm House is 33 kms from airport and 2.5 km from railway station and 10 kms from city centre and 15 km from main shopping centre.

Sheetala Devi Temple: This famous Hindu temple is located in the suburbs of Gurgaon. Also referred to as a ‘Shakti Peeth’, the presiding deity of this temple is Mata Sheetala Devi, the goddess of small-pox. The temple is held in great esteem throughout this part of the country. A large number of pilgrims visit this temple.

Shish Mahal: The Shish Mahal was the residential palace of Faujdar Khan, the governor appointed by Emperor Farrukh Siyar, the great grandson of Emperor Aurangzeb. The palace was built by Khan in 1733 AD. The Diwan-e-Aam of the palace is a rectangular structure made of sandstone. It is built on a high plinth with mirrors fixed in the wooden ceiling and on the backside of the wall that gave the palace its name of Shish Mahal or glass palace. A continuous water flow in the artificial channel in front of Diwan-e-Aam was provided by a fountain pool made over the plinth.

Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary: Sultanpur National Park & Bird Sanctuary is located in Gurgaon district of Haryana, 46 kms. From Delhi and 15 kms. From Gurgaon on the Gurgaon – Farukh Nagar Road. The Sultanpur National Park is lush with trees, shrubs and clusters of bougainvillea. A good pair of binoculars is a must to clearly see the wildlife from a safe distance, without disturbing them.

Tarudhan Golf Course: Tarudhan Valley is modeled on the lines of internationally successful projects in the West. It offers comfort, convenience and gracious country living just round the corner from the Capital, New Delhi. The Valley has been carefully developed to include specially designed golf homes dotted around a beautiful 9-hole golf course.

TERI Golf Course: TERI (The energy & resources institute) has its research facility in on 70 acres campus on the Gurgaon-Faridabad road. In the campus, there is a 9-hole golf course along with a driving range. The course & range are open to all and even membership is available on request. The course started with 6 holes, which were laid between 100 to 350 yards space but has since been elevated to a 9-hole course.

The Golf Retreat Farm: The Golf Retreat is a beautiful 4 bedroom farmhouse in Gurgaon, near Golden Golf Course and Equestrain Club. Take a break in the lap of nature.

Yaduvanshi Farm: Yaduvanshi Farms, is located near Shyad Baba, behind-dronacharya college of engg. Vill. Khaintawas Farukh Nagar, Gurugram Haryana

Hisar: The present city of Hisar, one of the important cities of North India, is situated 164 kilometers west of Delhi on the National Highway No.10. The city of Hisar was founded by a Muslim ruler, Firozshah Tughlaq in 1354 A.D. ‘Hisar’ is an Arabic word, which means ‘Fort’. The city, which we know today as ‘Hisar’, was originally called ‘Hisar Firoza (also Hisar-e-Firoza) or in other words, the ‘Fort of Firoz’. But as the days rolled by, the very word ‘Firoza’ was dropped from its original name. It was here that the very first evidence of the presence of man was discovered with the excavation of Agroha, Banawali and Kunal. All of these were the pre-Harappan settlements, bringing for us the very first images of pre-historic times. The presence of the pillar in Hisar fort belonging to the time of Emperor Ashoka (234 A.D.), originally from Agroha and the discovery of coins of the Kushan Kings throw light on important facets of ancient India.

Famous Places in Hisar: Ancient Gumbad, Ancient Mound, Ancient Site of Rakhigarhi, Baradari, Barsi Gate, British Palace, Durgah Char Qutab, Feroz Shahs Palace and Tahakhanas, Fort of Hansi, Fort of Prithvi Raj, Gujari Mahal, Jahaj Kothi, Lat Ki Masjid, Ruined Qila.

Ancient Gumbad: This is the tomb of Baba Pranpir Badshah, the spiritual teacher of Sher Bahlol or Dana Sher. Sher Bahlol was a celebrated saint and prophesied that Ghiyas-ud-din-Tughluq (1320-25 AD) would become the king of Delhi. All four sides of the tomb have arched openings. Its lower half portion is made out of dressed Kankar stone blocks and remaining upper half of Lakhauri bricks. The roof is surrounded by a low dome that rests on an octagonal drum. At present, there is no grave inside the tomb.

Ancient Mound: The site of Agroha is traditionally believed to be the Capital of the legendry king Maharaja Agrasena of Agrawal community. The city of Agroha was situated on the ancient trade route between Taxila and Mathura. And, therefore, it remained an important center of commerce and political activities till coming into existence of a new township of Hisar-e-Firoza (Hisar) of Firoz Shah Tughlag. A hoard of coins including 4 Indo Greek, one punch-marked and another 51 coins of Agrodaka were found from the site. The discovery of the coins of Agreya Janapada (Republic) during the excavations and its ancient name Agrodaka in literature are sufficient to prove it being the headquarters of a Republic.

Ancient Site of Rakhigarhi: The site of Rakhigarh is one of the five known biggest townships of Harappan civilization on Indian sub-continent. Other four are Harappa, Mohenjodaro and Ganveriwala in Pakistan and Dholavira (Gujrat) in India. Five interconnected mounds spread in a huge area form the Rakhigarhi’s unique site. Two mounds, out of five, were thickly populated. This site was excavated by Shri Amarendra Nath of Archeological Survey of India.

Baradari: There is a square-shaped, double-storey building resting on a high platform known as Baradari. It is a lofty structure with thick and tapered walls, having three arched openings in all four directions. The upper storey rests on huge arches and masonry pillars with a dome over it.

Barsi Gate: This huge gate presents a beautiful example of Sultanate architecture. Out of the five gates of walled ancient city of Hansi, this is the only one that survives as an ancient structure. This ancient gateway was built by Sultan Alaud-din Khilji in 1303 AD as per the Persian inscription. It is a pointed arch gate. Subsequently, it was repaired in 1522 AD during the rule of Ibrahim Lodhi. This gateway, served in the ancient times as the main entrance to Hansi, is over 30 metres high.

British Palace: A European styled double-storey palace was built by British authorities in about 1810 AD. It was called a bungalow, built for the residence of Superintendent of Hisar Cattle Farm. Later, the treasure from Kachahari building was shifted to this palace.

Durgah Char Qutab: A group of monuments, situated to the west of the town are known as Durgah Char-Qutab. Jamal-ud-Din Hanswi (1187-1261 AD), Burhan-ud Din (1261-1303 AD), Qutab-ud-Din Munawwar (1300-1354 AD) and Nur-ud-Din or Nur-e-Jahan (1325-1397 AD) were the celebrated Sufi Saints of their times and designated as ‘Qutabs’. This monument celebrates the last resting place of these four saints. The dargah has been subjected to many changes. The tomb is connected to a small shed. It is said that it is built at the place where Baba Farid used to meditate and offer prayers.

Feroz Shahs Palace and Tahakhanas: The edifice known as Firoz Shah’s Palace and tahkhana was built by Firoz Shah Tughlaq, the Sultan of Delhi (1351-1388 AD). The palace is built of rubble masonry covered with thick lime plaster. Its arches are supported on sandstone carved pillars possibly belonging to some Hindu temples. The palace complex consists of an open courtyard surrounded by two and three-storied structures. A passage with steps leading to the terrace is embedded in the massive western wall of the palace. This passage was most possibly meant for guarding the roofs of the palace. It has several bastions with hollow cores and has a pillared hall connected with other rooms and cells of the palace.

Fort of Hansi: One of the oldest fort of Haryana was situated at Hansi. Though most of its walls and structures have now fallen, still some remains of that historical fort are surviving. This fort is more than 1,000 years old and the ancient fort was surviving till 1857, when its greater part was demolished. This building rests on 36 masonry pillars and arches with carved roofs. Now a huge 50 feet high mound is representing the ancient fort, all structures are on the top of the mound. It is a protect monument by Archeological Survey of India.

Fort of Prithvi Raj: A great reminder of the bygone era, this fort known as Prithvi raj-ka-Qila has now been completely converted into a mound. A long pillared structure with a flat roof is situated on the top of the mound, which is called Baradari.

Gujari Mahal: The Gujjari Mahal was built by Firoz Shah Tughlaq for his beloved Gujri Rani, a native of Hisar with whom he fell in love during the course of one of his hunting expeditions. The palace imbibes characteristic features of Tughlaq architecture such as massive tapering walls thickly plastered in lime and narrow openings. Open stairs lead to the baradari (pavilion) of the palace, which stands on a high plinth and has underground chambers. The baradari is a square structure having three developed arches on each side. All entrances (except one) are provided with stone doorframes.

Jahaj Kothi: George Thomas, a native of Ireland and the uncrowned ruler of the territory between Sirsa and Rohtak built this building as his residence. Owing to its isolated location, it gives an impression of a ship in the ocean surrounded by a huge open area. A progressive distortion of the word ‘George’ to Jahaj over a period of time brought a new name to the place.

Lat Ki Masjid: This mosque, known as Lat Ki Masjid was built by Firoz Shah Tughlaq (1351-88 AD), is a unique example of Tughlaq architecture. The mosque is a combination of structures, L-shaped ablution tank and a Lat (Pillar). The mosque is built partly of red and buff sandstone and partly of rubble masonry having thick plaster. Possibly extricated from destroyed Hindu temples, the stone pillars with floral and geometrical designs engraved on them support the main arched openings of the mosque. The main prayer hall has nine bays consisting of arches supported on pillars.

Ruined Qila: This is populary known as the fort or quila mound, most possibly represents the ruins of a fort and settlement which is ascribed to Prithviraj Chauhan. It was later destroyed by Muhammad of Ghor. Subsequently, some Muslim and Hindu shrines were built over the ruins of the fort from time to time. In 1982, 57 Jain bronze images were also discovered from the ruins of the fort. This site was excavated by Shri D.B. Sharma of Archaeological Survey of India.

Jhajjar: Jhajjar is one of the 21 districts of Haryana state, India. Jhajjar district, Haryana was carved out of Rohtak district on July 15, 1997. The district headquarter is situated in its namesake, Jhajjar town at a distance of about 65 kms. from Delhi.  The town is said to have been founded by Chahaju and the name Chhajunagar was changed to Jhajjar subsequently. Another legend is that the name is derived from Jharnanagar – a place of a natural fountain.

Famous Places in Jhajjar: Bua Wala Talab, Group of Tombs and Mosques, Gurukul, Jhajjar Museum, Rattan Garh Farm, The Ancient Temple of Pandvas Bhimeshwari Goddess.

Bua Wala Talab: There is a painful yet platonic love story attached to Bua Wala Talab. Years ago, there lived Mustafa Kalol, who enjoyed prestigious posts in Government; he had a beautiful and brave daughter named Bua. Once in a jungle, she encountered a tiger, a poor woodcutter Hasan helped her and took her back to the palace. She fell in love with brave and handsome Hasan. Even Bua’s father reluctantly approved of their marriage. Bua’s father sent Hasan to the battle field to fight as a soldier where he died.

Group of Tombs and Mosques: A group of tombs and mosques are located in ‘Bua Ka Talab’ area. Chronologically almost all of them were built when Mughal emperors Akbar, Jahangir and Shahjahan reigned (1594-1626 AD). They present fine examples of an antedated Pathan style of architecture, and also resemble the style of Shargi monuments of Jaunpur. Homogeneity of grandiose architecture and planning indicate that it was a family graveyard probably of the local chiefs and nobles of repute.

Gurukul, Jhajjar Museum: Gurukul Jhajjar Archeological Museum is a place of pride for the town. It is the biggest museum in Haryana. The committed and passionate effort of Swami Omanand Saraswati in collecting antiques from various parts of the country brought this museum into being in 1959. The huge museum has antique coins and beautiful variety of idols.

The Ancient Temple of Pandvas Bhimeshwari Goddess: There is a hint of mythology at Goddess Bhimeshwari Temple. According to a legend, the idol of the goddess was installed by Bhima, one of the Pandavas. Before Mahabharata battle, Bhima wanted to have blessings of Kuldevi. Yudhishthira and Bhima went to Hinglay Mountain (now in Pakistan) and prayed Kuldevi to move to the battle field and bless them with victory. The Kuldevi accepted the plea with the condition that Bhima will not drop her down on the way from the his lap and if he does so, she will go no further from that place.

Jind: Jind is a city which is known as the heart of Haryana. It is one of the oldest districts of Haryana and holds historical and mythological importance. It is believed that here a Jayanti Devi Temple was built in honour of Jayanti Devi (The Goddess of Victory) by Pandavas. Slowly the town was developed around the temple hence the name Jaitapuri turned Jind. Another legend is that the Sikh Maharaja Ranjeet Singh named this city after on the name of his youngest queen “Maharani Jind kaur” as this city was under the erstwhile Patiala Riyasat.

Famous Places in Jind: Ancient Fort at Safidon, Bodh Stupa, Dhamtan Sahib, Fort of Jind, Hansdehar, Narwana, Pindara, Qilla Jafargarh, Ramrai.

Ancient Fort at Safidon: This historical fort at Safidon was built by the rulers of Jind state in the 18th century AD. The history of Jind as a separate ruling state begins with 1763 AD. It is the first fort built by the rulers of Jind state who were the ancestors of Phulkian family. Afterwards, it was used as a military cantonment of the state. This fort has bastions for providing strength to the fortification, which were also used to ensure security. Traditionally, this town Safidon is connected with Mahabharata story and it is said that Janmejay, the son of Parikshit, and grandson of Arjuna. Had performed ‘sarpyajna’ (snake-sacrificial ritual) at this place after the death of his father, who was bitten by a snake.

Bodh Stupa: One of the oldest monumental remains of Haryana state is at Asand town. It is a huge, high and round masonry Bodh stupa, constructed during ancient times.

Dhamtan Sahib: Situated in Narwana tehsil, about 10 kms. East of Narwana on Narwana-Tohana road, Dhamtan Sahib was anciently known as Dharmsthan (religious place). It is believed that Rishi Valmiki had his ashram in Dharmsthan, and it was here that Lord Rama organised the Ashvamedha Yagya.

Fort of Jind: A fort was built by the founder of Jind state in 1775 and was named Fatehgarh. It was constructed on a raised mound with Lakhauri bricks. But now only one of its cornered Burj is remaining while the whole structure has been grounded.

Hansdehar: There are many legends related to this place, situated in tehsil Narwana. Rishi Kardam practiced penance for many years at this place. The name of the place has been derived from the story that Lord Brahma attended Kardam Rishi’s marriage and he arrived on ‘Hans’ (goose). This is the place where Pandavas offered Pinds to their ancestors. There is a Shiva temple and Bindusar ‘tirtha’ situated at this place. People in large number come here to take an ablution on Somvati Amavas.

Narwana: The meaning of Nirvana is salvation from this the town was named Narwana. There was a Sufi Saint Hazrat Gaibi Sahib, who mysteriously disappeared in the ground, his tomb is also situated here, which is surrounded by a tank.

Pindara: Pindara is at the distance of 6.5 kms. From Jind, located on Jind-Gohana road. The famous legend says that at this place the Pandavas offered ‘pinds’ to their nearest relatives, who were killed during Mahabharata war, hence came the name Pindara. Every Somvati Amavas, a fair is organised here.

 Qilla Jafargarh: The rajas of Jind built a small fortress at village Jafargarh. It is situated on Jind-Rohtak main road and on the boundary line of state’s boundary.

Ramrai: Located on Jind-Hansi road, 8 kms. west of Jind, Ramrai is also known with another name, Ramaharda. There is an interesting mythological story of Parsurama connected with this place. It is said that Kshatriyas were annihilated, so Parsurama propitiated his ancestors by filling five pools with the blood of slaughtered Kshatriya. Ample number of people bathe at Ramaharda ‘tirtha’ and Sanet ‘tirtha’. Many people come to worship Parsurama at his old temple.

Kaithal: Kaithal was originally known as Kapisthal, which means ‘adobe of Kapi’. This place is traditionally connected to Lord Hanuman. It is also believed that the place had been founded by Yudhishthira, the head of Pandavas.

Today, Kaithal is a Municipal Council that falls under Kaithal District. The district of Kaithal is a flourishing agricultural area known for its cotton and rice.

Famous Places in Kaithal: Ancient Baoli, Ancient Bricks Temple, Ancient Site of Thehpolar, Forts and Palaces of Bhais, Hanumaan Mandir, Nine kunds, Palace at Pihowa, Tomb of Razia Sultan, Tomb of Sheikh Tayyab, Topiyon Wala Gurudwara, Vidyakar Teerth (Vriddh Kedaar) and Anjani Teela.

Ancient Baoli: The Baoli (water tank with a well) locally known as ‘Bhai Ki Baoli’. This three-storied building is in the shape of a step-well. It is approached by descending flight of steps leading to the bottom of the well. The steps have thick wall on both the sides. The thick walls on the either side of the steps are decorated with close arched doorways .It was built by Bhai rulers (1767-1843) of Kaithal state for the use of the general public.

Ancient Bricks Temple: The name Kalayat seems to be derived from Kapilayatana, meaning the ‘home of sage Kapila’, the preacher of Sankhya-darshan of Indian philosophy. It is believed that there were five brick temples on the bank of holy tank at ancient Kapilayatan. But at present, only two such temples survive and they are dated to circa 8th century AD. Built from carved bricks with fine and thin mortar; these temples are good examples of early Hindu temple architecture and exhibit creative use of flower representative specimen of Gurjara-Pratijara style. Most striking features of these temples are the arrangements of the carved bricks.

Ancient Site of Thehpolar: The mound of Theh polar is said to mark the site of a village destroyed during the Mahabharat war. The site was situated on the southern bank of Rigvedic river, Saravati, about 4 kms. from village Siwan and 10 kms. from Kaithal. A small-scale archaeological excavation at this place has yielded antiquities of different periods, consisting of coins of Vasudeva and Yaudheyas dynasties, clay seals, weight, pottery, copper vessels etc. Shri Shankar Nath of Archaeological Survey of India also reported Painted Grey Ware during exploration of this site. Previously this site was known for the antiquities and coins of Indo-Greek period.

Hanumaan Mandir: Historically, Kaithal was known as Kapisthal, meaning ‘Abode of Kapi’, from Lord Hanumana, the Hanuman Mandir is of prime importance. The temple is situated in the heart of the city at Jattan Moh.

Nine kunds: Kaithal had nine sacred water pools named after nine planets of the solar system. These kunds were built by different builders at different period of time. Out of these, five exist and some of them have been renovated.

Palace at Pihowa: The last chief of Kaithal, Bhai Udey Singh, built an imposing palace at Pihowa and named it Garden House.The palace is important architecturally, as it is having unique styled entrances and an elegant appearance.

Tomb of Razia Sultan: Razia Sultan, the daughter of Iltutmish, was the ruler of Slave dynasty. She was first woman to sit on the throne of Delhi. But the nobles revolted against her and made her brother Mohin-ud-Din Bahram Shah sit on the throne. Meanwhile, Razia got married to Negro Altunia, the Governor of Bhatinda. For capturing the throne, they both marched towards Delhi, Bahram send his army to capture them. The armies of both the parties fought near Kaithal and Razia was killed on 14th October, 1240 AD and was buried at the site of her death.

Tomb of Sheikh Tayyab: The words ‘Sheikh’ and Tayyab’ stand for terms ‘Fakir’ (saint) and ‘pure’ sufi saint Hazrat Shah Kamal came to India from Bagdad and after his death, Sheikh Tayyab enthroned the spiritual seat of his teacher. Sheikh Tayyab died sometime in the late 16th century AD. It is said that this tomb was constructed by Hazrat Shah Sikandar, the son of Hazrat Shah Kamal. The tomb is bult on a square plan, a popular style of Pathan architecture. The roof is surmounted by a bulbous dome and a lotus flower finial rests on an octagonal drum-base.

Topiyon Wala Gurudwara: The place is equally interesting as its name. Topiyon Wala Gurudwara is in the middle of the city. The Gurudwara has a unique combination of Hinduism and Sikhism. Interestingly, Shri Guru Granth Saheb and Ramayana are recited together at this Gurudwara.

Vidyakar Teerth (Vriddh Kedaar) and Anjani Teela: Vidyakar Teerth is a place of religious importance. According to Vamana Purana, “Kapisthaleti vikhdyatam sarvapatakanashanam yasmina sthitaha swayam devovridha kedara samgjijitaha”, meaning “The destroyer of all devilish deeds, famous Kapisthala sanctum is here because Lord Vridhakedaara himself resides here.

Karnal: Karnal, also known as the rice bowl of India, is one of the oldest districts of Haryana. The city has gained importance since Mahabharata era. It is believed that it was founded by Raja Karna, the eldest son of Kunti and hence the city is called the city of Daanvir Karna. The place got its share of fame in 1739 when Nadir Shah defeated Muhammad Shah here.The city is known as a walled town. The citadel of old time can still be seen in form of Kot Mohalla (Kot means fort). The fort was built by Raja Gajpat Singh of Jind. The fort was used in many ways as British converted it into a residence for Dost Mohammad Khan, Amir of Kabul, part of it was also used as jail and a school was also running in the fort.

Famous Places in Karnal: Cantonment Church Tower, Dargah Nuri, European Soldiers Grave, Gateway of Old Mughal Sarai, Kalander Shah Tomb, Karna Tank, Kushan Stupa, Miran Sahib Tomb, Naraina, Old Badshahi Bridge, Old Fort, Sita Mai Temple, Taraori Sarai.

Cantonment Church Tower: This tower once formed a part of the St. James Church, which was at Karnal. In 1941, when the cantonment was shifted to Ambala, the church was dismantled. But the tower of the church built out of public contribution, was left standing. The tower has four storeys and on the first storey, Extruscan pilaster has been used structurally. The top storey has a semi-circular arch in Roman style. The entire exterior is plastered with lime and exhibits fine panelling work.

Dargah Nuri: Dargah Nuri was built in the memory of Hazrat Sufi Shah Alama Nur Mohammad of Delhi and it is situated at village Newal.

European Soldiers Grave: The cemetery (122mx76m) has a boundary wall about 2.5 m high and it houses about 500 graves of European soldiers who died here in the British cantonment at Karnal. The inscriptions on the graves date back to 1811 AD to 1840 AD. All the graves except a few are absolutely modest in appearance, having been raised on bricks platforms rising to the height of 1.5 to 2 metres.

Gateway of Old Mughal Sarai: The Sarai (Rest House) was built by Feroz Khan in 1637 AD during the reign of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.So it is named after the Mughals. Before the first battle of Panipat, Babur camped at Gharaunda. At present, there are two gateways present here. They are located within a distance of about 100 metres. The Sarai is quadrangular in shape with cells on all four sides. Existing gateways form a part of northern and southern walls and they both have three-storeys and are made of ‘Lakhauri’bricks. It is decorated with panels,balconies, rounded towers and angular flutes.

Kalander Shah Tomb: Kalander Shah’s tomb is situated just outside the town. The well-sculptured grave is made of marble. The tomb was built by Ghias-ud-din, Emperor of Delhi, in the memory of Bo-Ali-Qualander Shah, a famous Muslim savant and sage, who influenced the thinking of his age and was very widely respected by all communities. One can see a mosque and a reservoir with fountains built by Emperor Alamgir.

Karna Tank: Named after King Karna, this is a popular tourist place in Karnal. One can enjoy boating in both rowing and paddle boats in this beautiful lake. The city municipality is further developing this lake with a central island. There are facilities like restaurant, bar, conference hall, banquet halls and a gift shop nearby the lake.

Kushan Stupa: The name Asandh is rooted in the ancient Asandhivat. The name Asandhivat (Asandh) has been mentioned in the Indian scriptures like Brahmanas and Sutras. In the scriptures, it has been suggested that in ancient past, it must have been an important site where painted greyware, and Kushana coins and bricks were found. It was also known as Jarassanndh ka Qila during the medieval times. It is located at a distance of about 40 kms. South-west of Karnal. The stupa must have originally been a very gigantic structure as the mound still rises to a height of more than 25 metres. It indicates circular drum with an elongated dome. The core was filled up with bricks and earth between the walls formed the spokes. In an exposed area, a circular wall made of baked bricks (as many as 44 courses of bricks) was noticed. The bricks used are approximately 34 to 35.5 cm x 21.5 to 23cmx5to 6cm in dimension.

Miran Sahib Tomb: This tomb stands in the memory of a saint, Syed Mohammad, alias Miran Sahib. As the legend goes, he was responsible for rescuing a Brahmin girl from the clutches of a Raja in a pitched battle. The tomb is situated towards the extreme south of the town.

Naraina: Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb constructed a wall around the town, a mosque and a tank, which still exists here. The historic village is located 11 miles north of Karnal.

Old Badshahi Bridge: This bridge was erected on the directions of emperor Sher Shah Suri to facilitate safe and easy passage for the travellers. This is a stone bridge having three arches, which are structurally sound. The piers of the arches on the both ends are strengthened by buttresses with marked positions indicated by four small minars with domed tops.

Old Fort: The Old Fort, which attracts many tourists, was constructed by Raja Gajpat Singh of Jind in 1764 AD.

Sita Mai Temple: An ancient temple, situated at Sitamai village near Karnal, has unique characteristics. It is perhaps the only temple of Goddess Sita in India. As the legend goes, it is said that the Sita Mai Temple is the exact spot where the mother earth swallowed Goddess Sita Mata while she had to prove her purity.

Taraori Sarai: Taraori, a small town of Haryana has been a battle ground, in which two battles were fought in 1191 and 1192. Those were decisive battles, fought between Prithvi Raj Chauhan of Hindu Chauhan dynasty and Mohmad Ghori of Afghanistan. Here in Taraori exists an old sarai, built during Mughal era.

Kurukshetra: In the very first verse of Bhagwad-Gita Kurukshetra is described as DHARAMKSHETRA i.e. ‘Region of righteousness’. Kurukshetra is a place of great historical and religious importance, revered all over the country for its sacred association with the Vedas and the Vedic Culture. It was here that the battle of Mahabharat was fought and Lord Krishna preached His Philosophy of ‘KARMA’ as enshrined in the Holy Bhagwad-Gita, to Arjuna at Jyotisar. According to Hindu mythology, Kurukshetra is spread over, a circuit of about 48 KOS, which includes a large number of holy places, temples and sacred tanks connected with the religious events/rituals, Mahabharat War and Kurus, the ancestor of Kauravas and Pandavs. Kurukshetra is intimately related to the Aryan civilization and its growth all along the sacred river Saraswati.

Famous Places in Kurukshetra: Ancient Mound Amin, Bhadrakali Temple, Bhishma Kund, Bhor Saidan – Crocodile Farm, Brahma Sarovar, Dharohar Museum, Gurudawara Mastgarh, Jyotisar, Kalpana Chawla Memorial Planetarium, Kartikeya Temple, Kurukshetra Panorama and Science Centre, Light and Sound Show at Jyotisar, Nabha House, Pashupatinatha Temple, Pathar Masjid, Prachin Shiva Temple, Raja Harsha ka Tila, Raja Karna ka Qila, Sannihit Sarovar, Sheikh Chaheli’s Tomb, Shri Krishna Museum, Sthaneshwara Mahadev Temple, Thanesar Archaeological Site Museum, Vishvamitra Ka Tila.

Ancient Mound Amin: The name of the village, Amin, is derived from Abhimanyu, the son of Arjun, the hero of Mahabharata. The ancient site at this village is popularly known as ‘Abhimanyukhera’. It is believed that this is the site of famous Chakravyuha, arranged by the Kauravas to fight with Pandavas. Abhimanyu, the son of Arjun had been trapped in this Chakravyuha and killed during Mahabharata war.

Bhadrakali Temple: The Bhadrakali Temple is situated on the Jhansa Road in the town of Thanesar in the district of Kurukshetra. Bhadrakali is a form of Shakti. This is considered to be one of the 51 Shakti ‘pithas’ of India. It is believed that an anklet of Sati fell in the well. The mythical incident of Sati is being recalled here with a marble ankle.

Bhishma Kund: Another place that bears a connection with the great epic Mahabharata, this is the place where it is believed that Pitamaha Bhishma lay watching the famous battle after Arjun, created a bed of arrows for him. The place now has a temple next to a water tank called the Banganga or the Bhishma Kund.

Bhor Saidan – Crocodile Farm: There was a tank full of crocodiles in village Bhaur Saidan situated on Pehowa-Kurukshetra road, 22 kms. From Kurukshetra. The area of this tank was acquired and its management was taken over by the Forest Department during 1982-83. The habitat of this farm has been increased and the periphery fenced. Four pairs of crocodile were obtained from Crocodile Bank, Madras and have been released therein. The present population is 25. A high mound inside the tank has been erected for watching the reptiles from a close range.

Brahma Sarovar: A beautiful water tank in Kurukshetra, Brahma Sarovar, is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is believed that Lord Brahma created the universe from this land. Just in the close vicinity of this sacred place are the Birla Gita Mandir and Baba Nath’s ‘haveli’. The Sarovar comes to life in winters when birds migrate from faraway places to take a dip in these waters. This beautiful tank bears a shining look during the ‘Deep Daan’ and ‘Aarti’ on the occasion of Gita Jayanti in the late November and early December.

Dharohar Museum: Dharohar, a museum to showcase the unique archeological, cultural and architectural heritage of Haryana. It also has an open-air theatre for cultural performances.

Gurudawara Mastgarh: It is located in Shahabad Markanda, 20, kilometers south of Ambala Cantonment along the Sher Shah Suri Marg. The principal mosque of the city was said to have been built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in 1630. It was converted into a Gurudwara by demolishing its minarets, hoisting the Nishan Sahib (Sikh flag) over it and installing Guru Granth Sahib inside it. The domes and mehrab remained intact. It was given the name Gurdwara Mastgarh.

Jyotisar: Jyotisar is the place where the sacred Jyotisar, the birth place of Gita, is the most venerated tirtha of Kurukshetra. It is believed that Mahabharata battle started from Jyotisar, where on the eve of the battle deluded Arjuna received the eternal message of Gita from its propounder Lord Krishna. It is said that Adi Sankaracharya has identified the place during his sojourn to Himalaya in the 9th centenary of Christian era. In 1850 A.D. King of Kashmir constructed one Shiva temple at the tirtha. Again in 1924, King of Darbhanga raised a stone platform around the holy banyan tree, which according to devouts is the evidence of the song celestial i.e Gita. In 1967 Sankaracharya of Kanchi Kama Koti Peetha. Installed the Chariot showing Gita Updesha on the platform facing east.

Kalpana Chawla Memorial Planetarium: The Kalpana Chawla Memorial Planetarium is named after the brave daughter of Haryana Dr. Kalpana Chawla. It is located near Jyotisar on Pehowa Road. The planetarium has been developed for imparting non-formal education in astronomy. The planetarium was established on 24th July 2007 by Haryana State Council for Science and Technology. The planetarium has exhibits placed both inside and outside of the building. The place is developed and arranged in such a way that it helps curious people and particularly students learn amazing aspects of science and satisfy their minds with a vivid range of information about the universe.

Kartikeya Temple: Located at Pehowa, 27 kms.towards west of Kurukshetra, there are many tirthas, ghats and temples in and around Pehowa. Lord Kartikeya temple is built at this site. According to legend, Lord Krishna made Yudhishthira light two lamps for the 18 lakh warriors who died in the battle of Mahabharata. These lamps flank the temple and it is believed that they have been continuously lit since then.

Kurukshetra Panorama and Science Centre: Kurukshetra Panorama and Science Centre is a unique Centre that combines science with religion. The main attraction of the Centre is a life-like panorama of the epic battle of Kurukshetra that showcases Mahabharata war with scientific explanations justifying every episode in the war. The magnificent two-storied building of the Centre has cylindrical walls. The Centre has an interesting exhibition called ‘India: A Heritage in Science, Technology and Culture’, consisting of working and interactive exhibits on ancient Indian concept of properties of matter, structure of atom, geometry, arithmetical rules, astronomy, medicine and surgery.

Light and Sound Show at Jyotisar: Episodes from the epic Mahabharata come alive in the engaging Light and Sound Show at Jyotisar, where tourists and locals gather alike to witness a period in history and mythology through a vibrant medium of colours and lights. This multi-sensory show uses a combination of film, light, sound and water to bring the spirit of the divine tales to life. Every evening, as the sun sets, visitors and local alike queue up to be audience to this innovative story telling.

Nabha House: This palatial building was constructed by the royal family of Nabha principality. This monument was used by the royal family members for stay during the days of religious performances at Kurukshetra. The building stands on a raised platform. The entrance gate is on the eastern side and its either sides are decorated with four arched niches (Miharab). There are two beautiful pillared windows (Jharokha) on the second floor of the building. The base and the top of these pillars have been decorated with lotus design. A temple dedicated to God Brahma is constructed on the top of the monument. It is fifteen-feet tall and built on Navaratha (nine corners) plan. The wooden door on entrance is studded with decorative iron nails, which represent the Hindu style of architecture in early British era.

Pashupatinatha Temple: It is the biggest temple built during the Maratha occupation in Pehowa. A chaturmukha linga of touchstone, (similar to the one at Pashupatinatha temple, Kathmandu, Nepal), is enshrined in its sanctorum. Built on a raised platform, the domed mandapa in front of the temple has exquisite murals on its ceiling.

Pathar Masjid: The Pathar Masjid is built of red sandstone and is known for its fluted minarets, which are attached to its back wall. The ceiling of the mosque rests on pillars that are decorated with floral designs carved in low relief. The ‘qibla’ in the centre of the western wall is flanked on either side by two arched niches inscribed with verses from the Quran. The masonry terrace forming the front court was certainly added at a later stage. On the basis of the style of architecture, the Masjid appears to have been built in the 17th century AD.

Prachin Shiva Temple: The ancient site of Prachi Shiva temple has yielded a number of the sculptors of Gods and Goddesses of Hindu Pantheon. These discoveries lead to the presumption that it was the site of one of the Vishnu temples, which are referred in the Pehowa inscriptions. Another Vishnu temple site in this town is Vishvamitra ka Tila.

Raja Harsha ka Tila: The archaeological excavations of this site have thrown significant light on successive remains of an ancient city settlement. The site spread over an area of 1kmx750 m. This site was excavated by Shri B.M.Pandey of Archaeological Survey of India. A few potsherds of Painted Grey Ware found from the lowest level of the site indicate the existence of a settlement before starting a continuous habitation at the site since Christian era. The excavated material ranging from circa 1st century AD to 19th century was divided in six cultural periods.

Raja Karna ka Qila: The mound, first surveyed by Alexander Cunningham, was excavated by D.B. Spooner of Archeological Survey of India in 1921-23. Later, the archeological excavations by Prof U.V.Singh of Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra have yielded the remains of three cultural periods ranging from circa 4th century BC to 3rd century AD.

Sannihit Sarovar: Believed to be the permanent abode of Lord Vishnu, Sannihit Sarovar is situated at a distance of 3 kms. From Kurukshetra on Pehowa Road. It is supposed that entire range of Tirthas assembles here on the day of Amavasya and as per the legends, if a man performs Shradhs at the time of solar eclipse and takes bath in this tank, he acquires the fruit of 1000 Ashwamedh sacrifices.

Sheikh Chaheli’s Tomb: This beautiful tomb and the madarasa (school) are associated with the Sufi saint Abdu’r-Rahim alias Aabd-ul-Razak, popularly known as Shaikh Chehli (also pronounced Chilli) believed to be the spiritual teacher of the Mughal Prince Dara Shikoh, the eldest son of Emperor Shahjahan. The tomb, overlooking the madarasa and standing on an artificial terrace, is octagonal in shape with the entrance in the south. It is built of buff sandstone and is crowned with a pear-shaped dome of white marble standing on a high circular drum. The cenotaph of saint occupies the centre of the chamber, while his grave is located in the lower chamber, which conjoins the madarasa through a narrow gallery. The madrassa has nine-arched openings on each side of a central courtyard that has in the centre a stone masonty tank.

Shri Krishna Museum: The museum, unravels the mystique of the cult of Lord Krishna. It endeavours to present the multifaceted personality of Krishna as narrated in the episodes of Mahabharata and the Bhagvata Purana. The museum has six galleries, three each in two blocks. On display are stone sculptures, bronze castings, leaf etchings, miniature paintings, clay pottery and terracotta artifacts. An extension of this museum is the Multimedia Mahabharata and Gita Gallery set up by Haryana Tourism in collaboration with Ministry of Tourism, Government of India.

Sthaneshwara Mahadev Temple: Sthaneshwara Mahadev Temple is situated at Thanesar. There lies a story behind this temple that Pandavas prayed to Lord Shiva to receive his blessings for the victory in the battle of Mahabharata. So, the water of the tank adjoining the temple is believed to be holy. It is believed that Kurukshetra pilgrimage visit is incomplete without visiting this temple. The temple of Sthaneshwara was an important part of the kingdom of King Harsh Vardhana of Pushyabhuti dynasty.

Thanesar Archaeological Site Museum: Thanesar, just adjacent to Kurukshetra, is a place of importance from archaeological point of view. An archaeological site museum, a first-of-its-kind in Haryana, has been set up here to enlighten people about the history of Thanesar, which was revealed by archaeological excavations carried out here by the Archaeological Survey of India. Many varied interesting things have been unearthed from the mound, such as stone and terracotta sculptures, coins, ornaments, ritualistic objects, etc. An exhibition at the museum displays these finding.

Vishvamitra Ka Tila: The name of this town, Pehowa, is derived from its Pauranic name, Prithudaka, and the legend goes that king Prithu was the founder of this town. Two inscriptions of Gurjar-Pratihara period have been found at Pehowa. One inscription from this place records the creation of three Vishnu temples in this town. Another inscription, still in the Garibnath Mutth at Pehowa, of Raja Bhojdeva of 882 AD, records collection of voluntary tax from each trader for the purpose of maintenance of these Vishnu temples existing there and elsewhere. This site of Vishvamitra ka Tila too contained the remains of one of the Vishnu temples at this place.

Mahendragarh: Mahendragarh was earlier known as ‘Kanaud’ because of its association with Kanaudia group of Brahmans. During the middle of the nineteenth century, it came to be known as Mahendragarh.

Famous Places in Mahendragarh: Birbal Ka Chhatta, Chor Gumbad, Fortress of Islampur, Jal Mahal, Mirza Alijan’s Takhat and Baoli, Pir Turkman Tomb Complex, Shah Quli Khan’s Tomb, Shobha Sarowar, Tomb of Ibrahim Khan Suri, Tomb of Shah Wilayat, Tripolia Gateway.

Birbal Ka Chhatta: This spacious building, built by Ray-i-Rayan Mukand Dass, the Diwan of Narnaul, during the reign of emperor Shah Jahan (1628-58 A.D.) is dexterously planned and embellished, though its exterior is unostentatious and drab. It is a five-storied structure with several halls, rooms and pavilions. The extensive open terrace on the south, elliptical pavillions on different levels, halls on pillars and running verandah around a central court, once adorned with a marble fountain, impart spaciousness and light to it. The profuse use of marble for veneering, pillars and brackets, provided with artificial cataracts and drains, make it a cosy retreat during the tropical summers.

Chor Gumbad: The Chor Gumbad majestically stands upon a rock on the north of the town. At present, this complete hilly area has been developed in a park by the district administration. On account of prominent location of the Chor Gumbad, it is known as the landmark of Narnaul. It is a well-planned big size monument in square shape having single chamber with four minarets at each corner. It gives an appearance of a double-storied structure from the outside due to an open veranda running around it. This structure possibly came to be used as hideouts by thieves and highwaymen, subsequently leading probably to the popular present day name: Chor Gumbad. It was constructed by an Afghan Jamal Khan as his tomb. A low dome and arches show that it must have been constructed during the reign of Firoz Shah Tughlaq (1351-88 AD). At present, there is no grave inside the tomb.

Fortress of Islampur: About 100-year-old fortress exists in Islampur village near Narnaul town. Its appearance is royal and it stands on a slightly raised hillock, while its enclosing walls and basins impart it the look of a fort.

Jal Mahal: Jal Mahal happens to be the remnant of pleasure, is a palace situated in the middle of a tank known by the name of Khan Sarovar. According to a Persian inscription over the main entrance, it was built by Nawab Shah Quil Khan, who was the Governor of Narnaul for 52 long years. The entrance to the palace is in the north through a gatehouse, with rooms for guards constructed over a bridge resting on sixteen arched-spans. The palace consists of a square central chamber with four small chambers on the four corners. Four staircases, two each on the northern and southern faces, give access to the upper storeys.

Mirza Alijan’s Takhat and Baoli: This baoli (water tank) built by Mirza Ali Jan, the Nawab of Narnaul during the reign of Emperor Akbar, is situated to the north-west of the town of Narnaul. The main structure of the building is in the shape of a huge arched gateway carrying the ‘Takhat’ with a rectangular pillared ‘Chhatri’ (Kiosk) on its top. The ‘Chhatri’ has a decorated flap, resting on the eight pillars made of grey stone into rows that open to all sides. Below it, there is a balcony with staircases. The Takhat stands on the main arched entrance of the baoli. On the south, the main arched opening is attached with the three-storied ‘baoli’ and further a well.

Pir Turkman Tomb Complex: This tomb-cum-mosque complex incorporates a long tradition of architecture ranging from the Tughlaq period down to the British times. Much of it is originally marred by later constructions. Originally the tomb and adjoining mosque was constructed during the reign of Firoz Shah Tughlaq. The eastern colonnades, the dome and a part of enclosure were erected by Alam Khan Mewati in 1357 AD. The tomb itself is surmounted by a hemisphere that has some modern paintings.

Shah Quli Khan’s Tomb: This beautiful tomb was built by Shah Quil Khan himself in 1574-75 AD. Shah Quil Khan was the Governor of Narnaul during the reign of Mughal emperor Akbar (1556-1605 AD). He built this tomb in memory of his father but after his death, his mortal remains were also buried here. Situated on a high octagonal platform approachable from south, the tomb is built in grey stone mixed with red sandstone presenting a remarkable appearance. Both the interior and exterior of the tomb are octagonal in shape having a narrow passage supported on projecting running all along the base of the arched openings and recesses. The interior of the tomb is sub-divided into two storeys.

Shobha Sarowar: Availability of water was always scarce in Narnaul due to the proximity of deserts. Therefore, this huge pond (sarovar) was built by a local chief during late Mughal period for the use of general public. The ‘sarovar’ was constructed in rubble masonry with thick layer of lime plaster in the style of then prevailing Hindu architecture. Four staircases in each arm of the pond lead to the water storage tank. There were twelve kiosks (chhatri) on its boundary wall, one each at the corners and two each on the either sides of the staircases. At present only two out of twelve are surviving.

Tomb of Ibrahim Khan Suri: The inscription over the entrance of the tomb suggests that it was constructed on the instructions of Sher Shah Suri (1540-45 AD) over the grave of his grandfather, Ibrahim Khan Sur, who died at Narnaul in 1518 AD. The tomb is stands on an elevated square platform. Its entrance is on the eastern side, and appears to have been built of Hindu temples and has beautiful carvings. The façade, divided in two storeys by a bandof moulding, is decorated with small panels showing low relief carving in red sandstone bordered with grey limestone. Four octagonal cupolas, placed at the four corners of the terrace, balance the dome.

Tomb of Shah Wilayat: The tomb of Shah Wilayat stands beside the mausoleum of Ibrahim Khan Suri. It is a big tomb-cum-collegiate complex, which incorporates within it a long tradition of architecture ranging from the Tughlaq to the British period.

Tripolia Gateway: Shah Quil Khan was valiant noble of Akbar’s court. He was made Governor of Punjab in 1575 AD. He died at Agra in 1601 AD. At Narnaul, where he spent maximum time of his life, he erected splendid buildings and a beautiful garden and named it as Aram-i-Kausar. The Tripolia Gateway is the main entrance to this garden. This fine gateway was constructed within the compound of the garden. The elegant three-storied building of the gateway was constructed in rubble masonry with thick layer of lime plaster.

Nuh: Nuh, located in the Mewat district of Haryanais a modest home to several historical structures and ruins and is a day trip into a bit of history. With carvings on the red sandstone and grey quartzite, the architectural marvel of the place can be seen in its Shaking Monument, the Chui Mai Pond or Tank, the town of Sheikh Musa, Kotla and in the religious sites.

Famous Places in Nuh: Kotla and Shiva Temple, Temple of Hathor, Chui Mai Pond and Water Tank, Sheikh Musa.

Kotla and Shiva Temple: Lying 7 km off Nuh is the village of Kotla famous for its ancient ruins. As per folklore, the Pandavas stopped here for a brief period in the Shiva temple during their 14 yearlong exile on the way from Hastinapur.

Temple of Hathor: Close to Sheikh Musa is the Temple of Hathor which is believed to be of the Third Dynasty of Tuthmosis of Egypt. A number of Greek and demotic papyri were found by archaeologists in the temple complex.

Chui Mai Pond and Water Tank: With floral carvings and chattris (cenotaphs) in Redstone, this ancient tank in Nallad is a natural reservoir and a sight to behold.

Sheikh Musa: A fine blend of Muslim and Rajput style of architecture, Sheikh Musa is famous for its shaking minarets of the Tomb of Sheikh Musa. This man-made marvel is also known for its brilliant engineering techniques such as – if a person shakes one pyramid, the other person can feel the vibrations in the next one.

Palwal: The city is situated at a distance of 60 kms. from Delhi on the Delhi-Mathura highway (NH-2). It is a place of great antiquity, supposed to figure in the earliest Aryan traditions under the name of Apelava, part of the Pandava kingdom of Indraprastha, which was later restored by Vikramaditya.

Famous Places in Palwal: Baba Udasnath Mandir, Dauji Mandir, Panchvati Temple, Pandav Van, Raja Nahar SinghFort, Roshan Chirag Tomb, Sati ka Talab, Sayeed Sharif ki dargah.

Baba Udasnath Mandir: Located in village Alavalpur, a Mela is organised in the memory of Baba Udasnath. On this day, wrestling competitions are also held.

Dauji Mandir: About 25 kms from Palwal on GT Road, situated in Banchari village is Dauji temple. It is dedicated to Balram, the elder brother of Lord Krishna.

Panchvati Temple: This is a temple named after Pandavas. As per the legend, Pandavas did spend their days of exile at this place. Later a temple was constructed here.

Pandav Van: It is situated in Hodal city, a temple and a cave where it is presumed that Pandavas had stayed during the course of their exile.

Raja Nahar SinghFort: Today, the walls of Raja Nahar Singh Palace at Ballabgarh vibrate again with the echo of drums and trumpets… With the eager feet of visitors… And the exclaims of delight at the sight of this beautifully maintained palace of the legendary Raja Nahar Singh. Being introduced as a heritage property, the palace dates back to the 18th century AD.

Roshan Chirag Tomb: The tomb of Saint Roshan Chirag is one of the main monuments of Palwal. This tomb was built by the same Saint by collecting stones as contribution from cart bearers. The tomb stands on a raised square-shaped platform and has an underground broad chamber, where perhaps the mortal remains of the Saint lie buried.

Sati ka Talab: In Hodal city, there is a temple and a pond named Sati. Every year in the month of January, there is a Mela organised and womenfolk pray Devi Sati and men take part in wrestling and other rural sports.

Sayeed Sharif ki dargah: This dargah is situated in block Hathin of village Jalalpur. Many devotees visit this dargah.

Panchkula: Panchkulais a well-planned city in the Panchkula district, Haryana. It forms a part of the tri- city area i.e. Panchkula, Chandigarh and Mohali. The city hosts the Chandimandir Cantonment which is the headquarters of the Western Command of the Indian Army. The city is well designed with systematic layout, wide roads adorned with beautiful tress and buildings that complement the modern outlook of the planning.

Famous Places in Panchkula: Bhima Devi Temple, Cactus Garden, Mata Mansa Devi Temple, Morni and Tikkar Tal, Nada Sahib, Nahan Kothi, Panchkula Golf Course, Shivjot Farms & Resort.

Bhima Devi Temple: Alexander Cunningham, during his explorations in 1878-79, found in 27-line inscription of 10th century AD mentioning Panchapura from which modern name Pinjore is derived. The mention of Panchpura in the Handi stone inscriptions (1167 AD) also seem to refer to this place. The name Pinjore also appears to be based on the myth that the Pandavas had stayed here during the course of their exile. Later on, this place also came to be known as Bhima Nagar—after a much revered local temple that came to be created at this ancient site. These evidences suggest that the ancient site of Panchapura and Bhima Nagar must have been a place of considerable importance between 9th to 12th century AD. Evidences further suggest that the ancient temple site of Bhima Devi was systematically demolished repeatedly possibly by the contemporary Muslim invaders with the last blow coming when Aurangzeb reigned. The adjoining Mughal Garden was possibly built using the rubble of the temple.

Cactus Garden: A visit to Panchkula is incomplete without making a trip to the Cactus Garden. Officially known as National Cactus and Succulent Botanical Garden and Research Centre, the garden is Asia’s biggest garden devoted to rare and endangered species having more than 3,500 species. Genus Caralluma of Indian origin are seen here with some of the endangered species. Collection of Indian succulents here is considered the largest in the world.

Mata Mansa Devi Temple: Mata Mansa Devi Temple at Panchkula is a symbol of Himalayan culture and faith. The shrine located on the foothills of Shivalik is an epitome of age old tradition of ‘Shakti’ worship in Northern India. Himalaya being the abode of Shiva and his consort ‘shakti’ became centre of Shakti worship. In the vicinity of Panchkula, there are numerous Shakti worshipping centers known by their names such as Chandi, Kalika, Mansa, Bhima, etc.

Morni and Tikkar Tal: Situated in the lower reaches of the Shivalik range, Morni is ideal for a holiday with its cool clime, beautiful natural vistas and myriad opportunities for trekking, rock-climbing and other adventure sports. Just five hours away from Delhi and 45 kms. From Chandigarh, Morni in Panchkula district combines the best of an idyllic retreat with action, adventure and fun.

Nada Sahib: The Gurudwara Nada Sahib is situated in Panchkula on the bank of Ghaggar river in Shivalik foothills. It is a famous religious place of the Sikhs. Guru Gobind Singh – the the tenth guru halted here while travelling from Paonta Sahib to Anandpur Sahib after the Battle of Bhangani in 1688. Nadu Shah Lubana of the adjoining village served him and his followers with food and milk. The place remained obscure until Bhai Motha Singh, who belonged to a village nearby, discovered the sacred spot and raised a platform to perpetuate the memory of the Guru’s visit. Nothing more is known of the devout Motha Singh nor of the date of the establishment of the Manji Sahib, except that the shrine was under the Dharmarth Board of Patiala and East Punjab States Union in 1948 and was taken over by the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee after the merger of the state with the Punjab in 1956.

Nahan Kothi: A significant and only remnant representing the British architecture of 19th century AD in the modern city of Panchkula is popularly known as Nahan Kothi. This monument was built by Prince Surjan Singh and Bir Singh, the sons of Raja Fateh Singh (1857-63 AD), the ruler of Sirmour State. This region including Morni and other adjoining hilly areas of Haryana was then under the jurisdiction of Sirmour State, the capital of this state was Nahan (Himachal Pradesh), hence the name Nahan Kothi was given to this building. It was generally used by the rulers to keep watch on the activities of their territory.

Panipat: District Panipat has a very glorious place in the history of India. It is said that, at the time of battle of Mahabharata, the five villages which were demanded by the Pandavas from Duryodhana, “Panipat” was also one of them. Later on it was christened as Panipat. This district, which is situated 90 kms. From Delhi (National Highway No.-1) on SherShah Suri Marg has a significant importance in the history. Three major battles were fought here, which lend Indian history a new look. The year-wise details of three battles.

Famous Places in Panipat: Bab-i-Faiz Gate, Devi Temple, Hemus Samadhi Sthal, Ibrahim Lodhi’s Tomb, Kabuli Bagh Mosque, Obelisk Commemorated to the Third Battle of Panipat, Panipat Museum, Salar Gunj Gate, The Kala Amb Park, The Original Babri Masjid, Tomb of Bu-Ali-Shah Qalandar.

Bab-i-Faiz Gate: Bab-i-Faiz gate is also popularly known as Salarganj Gate. The gate is built of bricks with stone foundation. The gateway consists of two arched openings at both ends of the passage. In ancient times, it served as the entrance to the town of Panipat. The sides of the outer multi-fold arch are decorated with panels and arched recesses while the inner arches are cased in red sandstone. An inscription in Urdu recorded over the pointed arch of the gateway reads Bab-i-Faiz Nawab Sadiq-1129, thus the gateway is known as Bab-i-Faiz gate, meaning ‘door of beneficence’. It was built by Nawab Sadiq in 1737 AD.

Devi Temple: Devi temple dedicated to a local deity exists on the bank of a large tank. A temple of Lord Shiva, believed to have been built by a Maratha, named Mangal Raghunath, who had remained in Panipat after the third battle, also exists besides it.

Hemus Samadhi Sthal: Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, popularly called Hemu became the Emperor of India, defeating Mughal Emperor Akbar in the Battle of Delhi-1556. Before capturing Delhi, Hem Chandra had won 22 battles against Mughals and Afghan rebels in between 1553-56. Belonging to Rewari in Haryana, Hem Chandra was the adviser to Suri dynasty and initially arranged vital items like Cannons and Gun powder for Sher Shah Suri in 1530s, and held many positions during Sher Shah’s son Islam Shah and Adil Shah’s regime. Hem Chandra became the Prime Minister and Chief of Army of Adil Shah Suri in 1553 and fought 22 battles in all from Bengal to Punjab winning all of them without a single defeat. He had his formal Coronation or ‘Rajyabhishake’ at Purana Quila in Delhi on 7th Oct. 1556. It was after 350 years of foreign rule that a Hindu could become a king at Delhi.

Ibrahim Lodhi’s Tomb: The tomb of Ibrahim Khan Lodhi is situated in a park, maintained by Panipat Municipal Committee. The tomb is situated near tehsil office; close to dargah of Sufi saint Bu Ali Shah. He was defeated and killed during the First Battle of Panipat, fighting against Mughal emperor Babur on 21st April, 1526. All that now stands at that place is a rectangular open grave on a high double-terraced platform approached by a flight of steps from two sides constructed in Lakhauri bricks. This grave marks the final resting place of the last Sultan of Delhi, Ibrahim Lodi. An inscription fixed in a niche, near the grave declares that this tomb was rebuilt during the British regime by the District Administration in 1867 AD. It bears no architectural significance, though it commands matchless historical significance.

Kabuli Bagh Mosque: The Kabli Bagh Mosque, the first Mughal monument in India was built by Babur to commemorate victory over Sultan Ibrahim Lodhi in the First Battle of Panipat (1526 AD). The mosque, situated inside an enclosure having octagonal towers on its corners, has its entrance on the north. The gateway, built of bricks with red sandstone, consists of a lintel bracket type opening encased in a huge arch, the spandrels of which are decorated with arched recesses encased in rectangular panels. The main prayer hall, square in shape, has annexes on sides and its high façade is divided in panels plastered with lime.

Obelisk Commemorated to the Third Battle of Panipat: During the British regime, this obelisk was erected by the then Surveyor General of Archaeology in India. It marks the site of the Third Battle of Panipat in 1761 AD. Here, Sadashiva Rao Bhau, who commanded the Maratha resistance during the battle, is believed to have laid down his life while fighting. A brick pillar with an iron rod at the top and an iron fence surrounding the whole area marks the site. A beautiful war memorial complex has been constructed by the Battles of Panipat Memorial Society around this obelisk in about 7 acres of land.

Panipat Museum: The core idea behind establishing Panipat Museum was to spread information and create awareness about archaeology, history, art and crafts of Haryana. Here one will have an opportunity to see antiquities, inscriptions, sculptures, arms and armours, pottery, old and valuable documents, jewellery, art and craft objects, which are on display in the museum. It also provides a rare chance to witness bravery of valiant and patriotic warriors who sacrificed their lives at Panipat battle through some write-ups, photographs and trans-slides.

Salar Gunj Gate: Named after Nawab Salar Jung, the Salar Gunj Gate is of prime historical and archaeological importance. The gate is situated in the middle of Panipat city.

The Kala Amb Park: A well-known place where the Third Battle of Panipat had been fought, Kala Amb is situated at 8 kms. Away from Panipat city. There is an interesting story behind the name Kala Amb. The Marathas came to North India with a belief of changing Indian polity forever. Like Ibrahim Lodhi, the Marathas were guilty of antagonizing all potential friends and allies as well. There was a clash between Maratha forces and the Afghan army. The Maratha force was surrounded by Afghan adversaries, moreover, their lines of supply and reinforcement were cut off. The total number of casualties of Marathas were as high as 75,000, including senior commanders and Peshwa’s son. The battle field was full of dead bodies.

The Original Babri Masjid: The story of original Babri Masjid is very interesting and lesser known to people. History says that when Babur came to India in 1526, he had to fight a battle against Ibrahim Lodhi. When he won the battle, he built a mosque at the site of Panipat as a mark of gratitude. This Masjid is original Babri Masjid. This mosque is in the middle of a small garden called the Kabuli Bagh and is under protection of the Archaeological Society of India.

Tomb of Bu-Ali-Shah Qalandar: It is a fascinating place, almost 700-years-old. It is a tomb of Shaikh Sharafudeen Bu Ali Qalandar Panipati, a saint of Chisti order who lived in India. The son of a great scholar of his time popularly known as Bu-Ali-Shah. It is an epitome of faith, harmony and integrity. Every Thursday, people irrespective of their cast, creed or religion, offer prayers at this place. Urs Mela an annual affair held here is a manifestation of people’s belief and unity.

Rewari: Rewari is a place with history deep embeded in it. It is a place of Yaduvanshi Ahirs/Yadavas. The ancient city has its references in Indian epics like Rigveda and Mahabharata and it is also known as Brahmvarta, a place where Vedic Sanskriti was developed. It is said that during the Mahabharataperiod in ancient India, a king named Rewat had a daughter named Rewati. The father used to call her Rewa, and founded a city “Rewa Wadi” named after her. The king donated the city to his daughter, when she married Balram, the elder brother of Krishna. In the course of time, the name Rewa-Wadi became Rewari.

Famous Places in Rewari: Baag Wala Talab, Bhagwati Bhakti Ashram, The Ghanteshwar Mandir.

Baag Wala Talab: Baag Wala Talab is situated near old tehsil office of Rewari, though presently it is dry. It was built by Ram Ahir, son of Rao Gujjarmal.

Bhagwati Bhakti Ashram: Bhagwati Bhakti ashram of Rampura is also a famous historical place in Rewari. Other than this there are many other places in the rural areas of Rewari, such as temple of Baba Bheron Nath at Khol, temple of Swamy Sharananad at Darauli, ashram of Baba Purshotam Dass at Balwari village, temple of Baba Raghunath at Sangwadi village and temple of Baba Mohan Dass at village Bharawas.

The Ghanteshwar Mandir: This is one of the rare temples belonging to the Sanatan Dharma, in the heart of the city. The statues of all Gods and Goddesses of Sanatan Dharma are placed in this temple. The three- storied temple draws many devotees.

Rohtak: The district derives its name from its headquarter town Rohtak, which is said to be a correction of Rohtashgarh, a name still applied to the ruined sites (also called khokhrakot) of two older sites, one lying immediately north of the present town and other about 5 kms. Towards the east. Traditionally, it was named after Raja Rohtash, during whose reign, the city is said to have been built. It is also claimed that the town derives its name from the Roherra (Tacoma Undulate) tree called Rohitaka in Sanskrit. It is said that before the town came into existence, it was the site of a forest of Rohitaka trees and hence its name became Rohtak. Another version connects Rohtak with Rohitaka, which is mentioned in Mahabharta and bears a connection with the campaign of Nakula, the Pandva warrior.

Famous Places in Rohtak: Ancient Site of Farmana, Ancient Site of Khokhrakot, Asthal Bohar, Shahjahan ki Baoli, Tilyar Convention Centre.

Ancient Site of Farmana: The mound (920×50) has 8.00 mts. Of habitational deposit. The site has yielded the relics of the proto-historic period including early Harappan, Harappan, late Harappan, Painted Grey Ware and early historical wares. The excavation at the site was conducted under the guidance of Prof. Vasant Shinde of Deccan College, Pune, Prof Toshiki Osada of Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto, Japan and Prof. Manmohan Kumar of Maharishi Dayanand University, Rohtak.

Ancient Site of Khokhrakot: The ancient mound, locally known as Khokhrakot, is identified with the historical town of Rohitika-Rohtak, the present name is derived from its ancient identity. It finds mention in the great epic Mahabharata and the Painted Grey Ware, a class of pottery associated with epic age, was found in the archaeological excavations, is the testimony of its antiquity. This site was the capital of Yaudheya Republic. Sculptures, coins, terracotta figurines and other smaller objects ranging from 8th century BC to 11th century AD have been found here. As tradition goes, this town was re-established by a famous ruler. This site was jointly excavated by Prof Manmohan Kumar of Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak and Shri J.S.Khatri of the Department of Archaeology & Museums, Government of Haryana.

Asthal Bohar: Asthal Bohar is stuated 6 to 7 kms. East of Rohtak city on Rohtak-Delhi N.H. 10, the place is known for its math and ancient finds like sculptured stone idols. According to a legend, Pooran Bhagat of Sialkot and disciple of Guru Gorakhnath, came here and founded this place. After being neglected, the math was revived in 1791, when Baba Mast Nath came here. Now there is an Ayurvedic degree college, free hospital, Business Management Institute, engineering college and other institutions being run by the math.

Shahjahan ki Baoli: This baoli (water tank with a well) is populary known as Choron ki baoli. This baoli is possibly the finest and the best such monument preserved in Haryana. According to an inscription on the well, it was built by Saidu Kala, a chobdar in the service of Emperor Shah Jahan, in 1658-59 AD. It is an elaborate structure of bricks and kankar blocks, has 101 steps extending in three stages, separated by landings and leading to the water reservoir. The circular well is located at the end of the stairs.

Tilyar Convention Centre: Tilyar Tourist Complex, Rohtak, has a convention centre with a capacity of more than 1,000 persons. The complex is built on sprawling 142 acres and is situated on Rohtak-Delhi National Highway No. 10.

Sirsa: The name of the district has been taken from its headquarters Sirsa. It is said to be one of the oldest places of North India and its ancient name was Sairishaka, which finds mention in Mahabharata, Panini’s ‘Ashtadhyayi’ and Buddhist text ‘Divyavadan’. It must have been a flourishing city in the 5th century B.C., as it has been mentioned by Panini.

Famous Places in Sirsa: Ancient site of Ther Mound, Dera Baba Sarsai Nath, Gurudwara Guru Gobind Singh, Hanuman Temple (Ram Nagria), Jama Masjid, Tomb of Khawaja Pir.

Ancient site of Ther Mound: Sirsa is believed to be one of the oldest towns located in Haryana, the ancient route leading to Taxila. Its present name is derived from the ancient name Sarishika, which finds mention in the Mahabharta, Panini’s Ashtadhyayi and Buddhist text Divyavadana. The ruins of the ancient Sarishika are presumably buried in this mound. This extensive site is spread over an area of about five kms. in circumference with a maximum height of about fifteen meters. No archaeological excavations have so far been conducted at this site. Stone sculptures, coins, an inscription, pottery pieces and other antiquities collected from surface exploration are sufficient to prove its archaeological relevance.

Dera Baba Sarsai Nath: Located outside Hisar Gate, the construction of the temple dates back to the 13th Century. It was built by Sarsai Nath, a saint of Nath sect, followers of Shiva, who is said to have meditated here. This place is held in high esteem by the people of the area. An inscription of Bhoja, the Pratihara ruler was found at Sirsa. It records that Nilkantha, a saint of Pashupati sect constructed the temple of Yogisvara (Shiva) made of burnt bricks and thick slabs of stones with a golden Shikara. Though no remains of this temple have been found, yet it indicates that Saivism and Pashupati sect flourished here at Sirsa during the 8th and 9th centuries.

Gurudwara Guru Gobind Singh: Located 36 kms. From Sirsa on Delhi-Fazilka National Highway, the gurudwara is said to be associated with the tenth guru, Guru Gobind Singh, who stayed here for a night. It is spread over an area of 8 acres and has a tank with separate enclosure for ladies. There is a small museum and a library too.

Hanuman Temple: The temple is situated at a distance of 2 kms. in the west of the city. People from all walks of life visit this temple on every Tuesday with great faith.

Jama Masjid: A beautiful symbol of architecture, the Masjid has high and beautiful minarets, which overlook the town. It was built in the 19th century.

Tomb of Khawaja Pir: The tomb is said to have been built in the 13th century, in the memory of Khawaja Abdul Shankar. He was one of those who accompanied Muhammad Ghori to India and resided here. A mosque was built adjoining the tomb later during the 16th century. However, no remains of tomb or mosque are there. Guru Nanak Dev is said to have stayed here for 40 days at the tomb alongwith his disciples Bala and Mardana.

Sonipat: Sonipat, also spelled as Sonipat, has ancient significance as it is believed that it was founded as Swarnaprastha (meaning Swarna=Gold; Prastha=Place “Golden City”) by five Pandava brothers during the time of Mahabharata. As per another legend, this place belongs to Raja Soni, the thirteenth descendent of Arjuna, one of the Pandava brothers. It is also believed that the earliest reference of this city comes in the epic Mahabharata and this was one of the five villages demanded by the Pandavas instead of the kingdom of Hastinapur. The other four villages were Panprastha (Panipat), Baghprastha (Baghpat), Indraprastha and Tilprastha (Tilpat).

Famous Places in Sonipat: Ancient Pandav Place, Ancient temple of Guru Gorakhnath, Baba Dham, Baba Meer Mukand Sainipura, Buddhist site of worship, Dada Shambhunath, Historical memorial site in village Badkhalsa, Mera Gaon Mera Desh Farm House, Naad Wellness, School of Sports, The Indigo Camp Farm, Tirath Satkumbha temple, Tomb of Khwaja Khizr.

Ancient Pandav Place: This is an ancient site with an old well, which is believed to have belonged to Pandavas. They stayed here during their exile. Besides which, there is a temple of Kali Mata in this premises.

Ancient temple of Guru Gorakhnath: This temple is located in village Gord, tehsil Kharkhonda. It is 20 kms. Away from Sonepat headquarters. A prominent place among 84 siddhas and is believed to be the beginning place of Nath sect. A 31-feet high statue of Lord Shiva and ancient pond are added attraction of this place. A fair is organised at this place every year.

Baba Dham: The Baba Dham temple is situated in Jamalpura, Sonepat. Baba Dham has two big statues of Lord Shiva and Lord Hanuman and is frequented by many pilgrims.

Baba Meer Mukand Sainipura: This place is located in Jatwara about 7-8 kms from NH-1. Baba Meer Mukand worshipped at this place about 1000 years ago.

Buddhist site of worship: An historical ancient site in village Kumaspur, it is believed that Lord Buddha has visited this place and given a sermon. The place is situated about 1 km from NH-1 or 12 kms. From Sonepat headquarters and is spread in an area of 7 acres.

Dada Shambhunath: During ancient times, Raja Puranmal of Salkot had worshipped here. There is a Shiv mandir, pond and places of worship for saints at this place. Two fairs are organised during the year, which are visited by thousands of people. This place is located about 12 kms. Away from Sonepat and is linked with pucca road.

Historical memorial site in village Badkhalsa: There is an ancient memorial site on NH-1 near police station at Rai in village Badkhalsa. The place is related to Sikh history and is visited by many people.

Yamunanagar: Yamunanagar district came into existence on Ist November, 1989. Its area is 1,756 square kilometers, in which there are 655 villages, 441 Panchayats, 10 towns, 2 sub-divisions, 2 tehsils and 4 sub-tehsils. Before being named as Yamunanagar, it was known as Abdullapur. Large part of the district lies under the Shiwalik foothills. Sugarcane, wheat and rice are its main crops. It is an important industrial town having metal, utensil and plywood industries. Large industries like Shri Gopal Paper Mills and Saraswati Sugar Mills (biggest Sugar mill in Asia) are also located here.

Famous Places in Yamunanagar: Adibadri, Ancient Site of Sugh, Bilaspur and Kapalmochan, Buddhist Stupa Chaneti, Ch Devi Lal Herbal Nature Park, Chhachhrauli, Fort of Buria and Rang Mahal, Harnol and Topra, Kalesar Forest Reserve, Kalesar National Park, Kos Minar, Panchmukhi Hanuman Mandir, Sadhaura.

Adibadri: It lies 40 kms. North of Yamunanagar town. It is approached by road via Bilaspur and is about 2 kms from the nearest village Kathgarh. It is located on the foothills of the Shivaliks. It is a picturesque location, abundant with natural beauty and tranquility. Adibadri Narayana, Shri Kedar Nath and Mantra Devi Temples are located here. Three mounds of antiquities have recently been excavated by the Archaeological Survey of India.

Bilaspur and Kapalmochan: Bilaspur town named after the writer of the ‘Mahabharata’ – Maharishi Ved Vyas is a historical place. It is presumed that there was an ashram of Ved Vyas on the bank of a pond situated here. The statue of Uma Mahadev made in 9th-10th century, statue of Ganesha made in 11th-12th century and remains of Gupta period prove the antecedence of Kapalmochan. People from all parts of the country feel spiritually elevated by taking bath here in ponds (kunds) known as Rinmochan, Kapalmochan and Surya kund. A Hindu temple and a Gurudawara of the tenth Sikh guru are also located here.

Chhachhrauli: It is located near the boundaries of UP, Himachal, and Uttranchal. It is surrounded by the historical Gurudwara of Paonta Shahib, mythical Kapal Mochan (Bilaspur) and well-known Panchmukhi Hanuman Temple. Chhachhrauli has a big Grain Market where farmers bring their agriculture produce for selling. It is a main tehsil that is situated in north-east and 11 km from Jagadhri. In the past, it was the capital of Kalsia state, created by Raja Gurbaksh Singh in 1763. Ravi Mahal, Ghantaghar, Janak Niwas and Sainik Parivar Bhawan are among the other interesting places located here.

Fort of Buria and Rang Mahal: Buria is an ancient town in district Yamunanagar, situated not far from the river Yamuna. Here at Buria exists a fort built by Sikh rulers. This fort stands on a raised ground with special featured basins.

Harnol and Topra: A religious place named ‘Panjtirthi’ is situated 15 km away from Yamunanagar on the road coming from Topra Kalan to Harnol. There are Shiv temples and a Gurudwara, which indicate the cordial relations among Sikhs and Hindus. People come here for a sacred bath.

Kalesar Forest Reserve: Kalesar is an excellent area to visit for birders and those interested in wildlife. It has a 100-year-old colonial dak bungalow. Kalesar National Park of Haryana is one of the best parks of the country.

Panchmukhi Hanuman Mandir: The temple is situated on the road coming from Bilaspur to Chhachhrauli, 4 km away from Bilaspur and it attracts large number of people.

Sadhaura: A town of Yamunanagar, it is of great historic significance. The great explorer, Alexander Cunningham, conducted his exploration here at Sadhaura in 1879. He described about an old ruinous fort and got many coins from here. Even Mughal forces chased Banda Bahadur, who made his headquarters near Sadhaura. At present, 40-feet high mound survives narrating the past historic glory of Sadhura and its fort.